Full article (pdf) | Written in Slovene | Published: 22. september 2018
In the present study, I examined the relationship between three types of need theories; self-determination theory (SDT; Deci in Ryan, 2000), need for cognition (Cacioppo in Petty, 1982) and perceived degree of own psychosocial needs satisfaction (Rus, 1993; 1994) in relation with perception of needs satisfaction. Self-determination theory addresses three universal, innate psychological needs – for autonomy, competence and relatedness. The need for cognition refers to individuals‘ motivations related to learning and thinking. Perceived degree of own psychosocial needs satisfaction refers mainly to the needs from Maslow‘s hierarchy of needs. In the research, I analyzed the expectation of correlation between variables and current average grades of students. I also examined the hypothesis of gender differences and expectation that the perceived degree of own psychosocial needs satisfaction is significantly different in condition when the instruction contains the »smiley symbol« (☺), as in the condition, where there was no such symbol in the questionnaire instructions. In sum, 65 students participated in the research, about 55 female and 10 male, in average 21,67 years old. Relatively strong, significant correlations between perception of three psychological needs (in SDT) and perceived degree of own psychosocial needs satisfaction were found, while there was no significant correlation in case of the need for cognition. There was also no significant difference found between genders in any of the applied instruments and thus, the hypothesis of significantly greater satisfaction of their own psychosocial needs in condition with “smiley” (☺) in the instruction was not confirmed.
Self-determination Theory, needs, cognition, need for cognition, perceived degree of own psychosocial needs, college students
Durič, T. (2018). Teorija samodeterminacije in potreba po kogniciji [Self-determination Theory and Need for cognition]. Eksperimentator, 2, 21–27.
About the authors
Tina Durič — udergraduate student, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana
Mentor — ddr. Velko S. Rus, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana