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The role of stereotypization and inductive inference in formation of xenophobic beliefs

Lev Kiar Avberšek, Teja Majaron, Blaž Skočaj Skok

pdf Full article (pdf)  |  flag Written in Slovene  |  Published: 27. september 2018

 

Abstract

Logically invalid inferences such as induction and stereotyping are an important factor in formation of xenophobic beliefs. The objective of the presented research was to find the frequency and the circumstances of the appearance of the both forms of the logically invalid inferences. The questionnaire that we used contained inductive inference tasks, stereotyping with the negative description of the reference group, stereotyping with the positive description of the reference group and stereotyping with the ambivalent description of a hypothetical person. Each task contained two examples; xenophobic unsaturated case described a hypothetical person who belonged to the domestic that is a Slovene reference group, whereas a saturated case contained a hypothetical person that belonged to the foreign, namely Muslim immigrant reference group. 116 participants (Slovenians) aged between 18 and 45 years participated in the research. The participants were more inclined to define the inference as correct if it contained positive information about the reference group. Such effect was especially strong when referring to the Slovene reference group. This leads us to the conclusion that emotional and motivation value of the inference is more important when the participants deal with the issues of the Slovene reference group. The participants were also more precise with the assessment of the Slovene reference group except with the inferences which describe the Slovene reference group as positive. When working on a stereotyping task with the ambivalent description of a hypothetical person the participants would rather rely on the description of a person than on the negative description of a reference group. The main problem of such research is environmental validity of metric instruments, above all from the aspect of the time limits, that the participants faced during the inference tasks.

Keywords

xenophobic beliefs, stereotypical inference, inductive inference, heuristics, a priori formations

Cite

Avberšek, L. K., Majaron, T. in Skočaj Skok, B. (2018). Vloga stereotipiziranja in induktivnega sklepanja pri oblikovanju ksenofobičnih prepričanj [The role of stereotypization and inductive inference in formation of xenophobic beliefs]. Eksperimentator, 2, 45–55.

About the authors

Lev Kiar Avberšek, Teja Majaron, Blaž Skočaj Skok — udergraduate students, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana
Mentor — asist. Mark Floyd Bračič, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana

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